Friday, March 5, 2010



“Cyberstalking”
- BY MR.SNEHAL VAKILNA ( ADVOCATE )

Stalking is a continuous process, consisting of a series of actions, each of which may be entirely legal in itself. In simple terms Cyberstalking is the use of the Internet or other electronic means to stalk someone. Cyber Stalking can be defined as the repeated acts harassment or threatening behavior of the cyber criminal towards the victim by using internet services. Cyber stalking is a relatively new phenomenon.
Cyber stalkers could opreats in following ways:
a. Collect all personal information about the victim such as name, family background, Telephone Numbers of residence and work place, daily routine of the victim, address of residence and place of work, date of birth etc. If the stalker is one of the acquaintances of the victim he can easily get this information. If stalker is a stranger to victim, he collects the information from the internet resources such as various profiles, the victim may have filled in while opening the chat or e-mail account or while signing an account with some website.
b. The stalker may post this information on any website related to sex-services or dating services, posing as if the victim is posting this information and invite the people to call the victim on her telephone numbers to have sexual services. Stalker even uses very filthy and obscene language to invite the interested persons.
c. People of all kind from nook and corner of the World, who come across this information, start calling the victim at her residence and/or work place, asking for sexual services or relationships.
d. Some stalkers subscribe the e-mail account of the victim to innumerable pornographic and sex sites, because of which victim starts receiving such kind of unsolicited e-mails.
e. Some stalkers keep on sending repeated e-mails asking for various kinds of favors or threaten the victim.
f. In online stalking the stalker can make third party to harass the victim.
g. Follow their victim from board to board. They “hangout” on the same BB’s as their victim, many times posting notes to the victim, making sure the victim is aware that he/she is being followed. Many times they will “flame” their victim (becoming argumentative, insulting) to get their attention.
h. Stalkers will almost always make contact with their victims through email. The letters may be loving, threatening, or sexually explicit. He will many times use multiple names when contacting the victim.
i. Contact victim via telephone. If the stalker is able to access the victims telephon, he will many times make calls to the victim to threaten, harass, or intimidate them.
j. Track the victim to his/her home.


Various countries have different laws relating to stalking and some states of the United States of America have cyber stalking legislation.
The Indian Information technology Act 2008 (amended) does not directly address stalking. But the problem is dealt more as an "intrusion on to the privacy of individual" than as regular cyber offences which are discussed in the IT Act 2008. Hence the most used provision for regulating cyber stalking in India is section 72 of the Indian information technology act ( Amended) , 2008 which runs as follows;
Section 72: Breach of confidentiality and privacy: Save as otherwise provided in this Act or any other law for the time being in force, any person who, in pursuant of any of the powers conferred under this Act, rules or regulations made there under, has secured access to any electronic record, book, register, correspondence, information, document or other material without the consent of the person concerned discloses such electronic record, book, register, correspondence, information, document or other material to any other person shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both.
In practice, this provision is often read with section 441 of the Indian Penal Code, which deals with offences related to Criminal trespass and runs as follows: Whoever enters into or upon property in the possession of another with intent to commit an offence or to intimidate, insult or annoy any person in possession of such property , or having lawfully entered into or upon such property, unlawfully remains there with intent thereby to intimidate , insult or annoy any such person, or with an intent to commit an offence, is said to commit criminal trespass.
If the cyber stalking is done only to annoy the victim and is not resulted to serious offences like severe defamation, sexual crimes, identity theft or even grave crimes like terrorism, it is treated as a bailable offence.

Inspite of the current updation and amendments in The Indian Information technology Act 2008 (amended ) and comparing them with the severity associated with the said crime There is a need to create more awareness amongst the legislature and the law enforcing agencies regarding this new cybercrime in order to enable its early regulation .






by
MR. SNEHAL VAKILNA (ADVOCATE)
(MCOM LLB , WITH SPECILAISATION
IN CYBER LAWS AND CYBER CRIME
INVESTIGATION)


Major amendments in The Information Technology Act
- BY MR.SNEHAL VAKILNA ( ADVOCATE )


The Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008 has come into force on 27th October, 2009.
After Nine years of the birth of cyber laws in India, the new improved cyber law regime in India has become a reality. The Information Technology Act initially came into force on 17th October 2000. Major changes to this law have now come into force.
Most of these changes relate to cyber crimes. The last decade has seen a spurt in crimes like cyber stalking and voyeurism, cyber pornography, email frauds, phishing and crimes through social networking. All these and more are severely dealt with under the new laws.
Some of the major developments are:
1. Voyeurism is now specifically covered. Acts like hiding cameras in changing rooms, hotel rooms etc is punishable with jail upto 3 years. This would apply to cases like the infamous Pune spycam incident where a 58-year old man was arrested for installing spy cameras in his house to ‘snoop’ on his young lady tenants.
2. Publishing sexually explicit acts in the electronic form is punishable with jail upto 3 years. This would apply to cases like the Delhi MMS scandal where a video of a young couple having sex was spread through cell phones around the country.
3. Collecting, browsing, downloading etc of child pornography is punishable with jail upto 5 years for the first conviction. For a subsequent conviction, the jail term can extend to 7 years. A fine of upto Rs 10 lakh can also be levied.
4. The punishment for spreading obscene material by email, websites, sms has been reduced from 5 years jail to 3 years jail. This covers acts like sending ‘dirty’ jokes and pictures by email or sms.
5. Compensation on cyber crimes like spreading viruses, copying data, unauthorised access, denial of service etc is not restricted to Rs 1 crore anymore. The Adjudicating Officers will have jurisdiction for cases where the claim is upto Rs. 5 crore. Above that the case will need to be filed before the civil courts.
6. A special liability has been imposed on call centers, BPOs, banks and others who hold or handle sensitive personal data. If they are negligent in “implementing and maintaining reasonable security practices and procedures”, they will be liable to pay compensation. It may be recalled that India’s first major BPO related scam was the multi crore MphasiS-Citibank funds siphoning case in 2005. Under the new law, in such cases, the BPOs and call centers could also be made liable if they have not implemented proper security measures.
7. Refusing to hand over passwords to an authorized official could land a person in prison for upto 7 years.
8. The offence of cyber terrorism has been specially included in the law. A cyber terrorist can be punished with life imprisonment.
9. Sending threatening emails and sms are punishable with jail upto 3 years.
10. Hacking into a Government computer or website, or even trying to do so in punishable with imprisonment upto 10 years.
11. Cyber crime cases can now be investigated by Inspector rank police officers. Earlier such offences could not be investigated by an officer below the rank of a deputy superintendent of police.
The following have also come into force on 27 October, 2009:
1. Rules pertaining to section 52 (Salary, Allowances and Other Terms and Conditions of Service of Chairperson and Members),
2. Rules pertaining to section 54 (Procedure for Investigation of Misbehaviour or Incapacity of Chairperson and Members),
3. Rules pertaining to section 69 (Procedure and Safeguards for Interception, Monitoring and Decryption of Information),
4. Rules pertaining to section 69A (Procedure and Safeguards for Blocking for Access of Information by Public),
5. Rules pertaining to section 69B (Procedure and safeguard for Monitoring and Collecting Traffic Data or Information) and
6. Notification under section 70B for appointment of the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team.
As the techonology keep on advancing the updation in the said IT act should be in the same phase so asIt could encumbrate all different types of cyber crimes .
by
MR. SNEHAL VAKILNA (ADVOCATE)
(MCOM LLB , WITH SPECILAISATION
IN CYBER LAWS AND CYBER CRIME
INVESTIGATION)

Sunday, July 19, 2009

Simple to find Lost Mobile


By SNEHAL VAKILNA:

Simple to find Lost Mobile

After reading this Scrap please preserve the IMEI number in a notepad

An IMEI number-The International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number is an international identity number used to uniquely identify a mobile phone. The 15-digit IMEI number is an electronic fingerprint transmitted every time a phone is used, which reveals the identity of the mobile handset.

How can I find out my IMEI number? IMEI numbers are independent of the phone number and are usually written underneath the battery or on the back of the handset. Mobile phone users can also check their 15 digit IMEI number by dialling *#06# on their mobile handset. Mobile phone owners should make a note of their IMEI number and keep the details in a safe place.

If u lost your mobile, send an e-mail to cop@vsnl.net with the following info.



Your name:
Address:
Phone model:
Make:
Last used No.:
E-mail for communication:
Missed date:
IMEI No.:

"No need to go to police station" - SHV


from : SNEHAL VAKILNA (Advocate) (First Cyber Lawyer ,Surat,Gujarat)

Gift for All my Gujju oops ..i.e Gujarati buddies , From Snehal Vakilna


By SNEHAL VAKILNA
  • Gift for All my Gujju oops ..i.e Gujarati buddies , From Snehal Vakilna :
for all my gujju buddies ..

Just put the first English letter of the word you need info on and it shows you a number of choices in Gujarati.

For example if you place the letter r in the google box it will show you all the possible Gujarati words that you can browse. When you click your choice, it shows you Gujarati sites and information in Gujarati.

http://www.google.com/intl/gu/


- SNEHAL VAKILNA (Advocate) (First Cyber Lawyer ,Surat,Gujarat)

A social awareness message regarding ATM THIEVES :By Snehal Vakilna (First Cyber Lawyer ,Surat, Gujarat,India )


From Snehal Vakilna :

  • A social awareness message regarding ATM THIEVES .:

WHEN A THIEF FORCES YOU TO TAKE MONEY FROM THE ATM, DO NOT ARGUE OR RESIST,
YOU MIGHT NOT KNOW WHAT HE OR SHE MIGHT DO TO YOU. WHAT YOU SHOULD DO IS TO
PUNCH YOUR PIN IN THE REVERSE, I..E IF YOUR PIN IS 1254, YOU PUNCH 4521.


THE MOMENT YOU PUNCH IN THE REVERSE, THE MONEY WILL COME OUT BUT WILL BE
STUCK INTO THE MACHINE HALF WAY OUT AND IT WILL ALERT THE POLICE WITHOUT THE NOTICE OF THE THIEF.
EVERY ATM HAS IT; IT IS SPECIALLY MADE TO SIGNIFY DANGER AND HELP. NOT EVERYONE IS AWARE OF THIS.

- SNEHAL VAKILNA (Advocate) (First Cyber Lawyer ,Surat,Gujarat)

Law on arresting a woman :By Snehal Vakilna (First Cyber Lawyer ,Surat, Gujarat,India )


  • Law on arresting a woman:

An incident took place in Pune - a young girl was attacked by a man posing as a plain clothes officer; he asked her 2 come 2 the police station when she & her male friend didn't have a driver's license 2 show. He sent the boy off 2 get his license and asked the girl to accompany him to the police station. Took her instead to an isolated area where the horrendous crime was committed.

"The law [which most of us are not aware of] clearly states that between 6 pm and 6 am (from sunset until sunrise), a woman has the right to REFUSE to go to the Police Station , even if an arrest warrant has been issued against her. It is a procedural issue that a woman can be arrested between 6pm and 6am, if and ONLY iff she is arrested by a woman officer & taken to an ALL WOMEN police station.... And if she is arrested by a male officer, it has to be proven that a woman officer was on duty at the time of arrest."

- SNEHAL VAKILNA (Advocate) (First Cyber Lawyer ,Surat,Gujarat)

Wednesday, April 30, 2008

SNEHAL VAKILNA


Mr. Snehal Vakilna an advocate who could be designated as a pioneer in the field of Cyber crime and Cyber laws in Surat as well as South Gujarat, who is working in the field of cyber crime and cyber laws since more then two decades. MR.SNEHAL HEMANTKUMAR VAKILNA is giving his services as an advocate in Revenue, Stamp duty, Taxation matters along with his involvement in Cyber Crime matters since more than 11 years. He was recognized as the youngest and the FIRST CYBER LAWYER OF SURAT in the Book “PATH PRADARSHIT PRATIMA” PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF MR. NARENDRA MODI (then C.M of Gujarat) 2007-2008. He has Always Been present in the headlines of Various Newspapers with respect to his cases.  One of his columns “Fight against Cyber Crimes” was very well appraised by the readers in 2012-2014.
Presently along with his cases he is actively assisting Surat Crime Branch and Various Police departments in Surat, Navsari, Bharuch, Valsad etc. He is in the Panel of Cyber Crime Expert in Surat Inspector General of Police Department. He had contributed and guided Police department in Landmark cases like Nigerian Fraud case, Income tax department Fraud Case, Eva phone case, SBI ATM fraud case wherein criminals were Arrested in couple of days, Mobile Balance Financial Fraud, School Girls Face book Racket case, College Principal Identity theft case, Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) Blast case due to technical negligence, First Pornographic Website case ever registered in Gujarat (www.suratescort.in) matter etc. Apart from this He had given his contribution in various different facebook, what’s app and various financial cases. Mr.Vakilna has always remained in the centre in various television shows/interviews on the basis of his cases and knowledge. He has been honoured as Chief Guest in Several Social Events and Book Launch.  Similarly he has conducted Cyber Crime Awareness Programs on various Radio Channels.  
 He had given numerous cyber crime awareness programs in order to aware Women, Student and Various other Segments of Society. Similarly, he had given training to various officials in Banking Sector.   
His paper with regards “POWER OF POLICE”    UNDER INDIAN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT amongst whole of Gujarat was selected and read in INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AND WAS PART OF INTERNATIONAL JOUNRAL ON TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT.
   In July 2016 he was honoured by Inspector General of Police Surat Range for Training 50 police Officers from all over South Gujarat. 
   His book “ WAR FORCE”  which could be designated as first book on fight against cyber crimes in Surat as well as South Gujarat was launched by  IGP sir Dr. Shamsher Singh ( Surat Range) and Mr Pankaj. Kapdia (Social worker) on 9 Oct 2016 at Cross Word which directed various security measures to be taken by Police Department for Eradication of Cyber Crimes in Surat. 
On 20th Oct 2016, He was selected amongst the whole of Gujarat as the panellist as a Cyber Expert at “DSCI-Google Internet Safety Program for SMBs Surat” organised by Google, Data Security Council of India and GESIA alongwith Mr.Dahia(DCB,Surat Police) in The Gateway Hotel Surat .
He was duly honoured by Kerela as well as Tamil Nadu Police department where he brought Awarness in relation to cyber crimes through his book “ WARFORCE”. He also conducted a session in Kerela for Internet safety of Women at Casino group of Hotels in Kumarkom.
  He played an Important role and was integral  part of "CYBER SAFETY DAY" OF THE "CYBER SURAKSHA KAVACH" GUJARAT POLICE ALONG WITH MR. NIRLIPT RAI  (SP SURAT IG RANGE), MR. DAXESH THAKAR, (VICE CHANCELLOR, VEER NARMAD SOUTH GUJARAT UNIVERSITY) DR. APURVA DESAI (H.O.D,COMPUTER SCIENCE AND  INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT  VEER NARMAD SOUTH GUJARAT UNIVERSITY)   
ORGANISED BY INSPECTOR GENERAL OF POLICE SURAT RANGE ( IG POLICE SURAT RANGE) IN COLLABORATION WITH VEER NARMAD SOUTH GUJARAT UNIVERSITY AND AURO UNVERSITY ON TUE 7TH FEB 2017 AT VNSGU CONVENTIONAL HALL .
           
         
   On 7 th june 2017 and 8th June 2017 Under the direction of Add. Director General of Police (Gujarat) Dr. Shamsher Singh, Conducted 2 days Session to train the officers of various Rank from 5 districts consisting Surat Rural, Navsari, Tapi, Valsad and Ahwa Dang, Which was in relation to Forensic Science as Well as Cyber Forensic ,Cyber Law and Digital Evidence as well as Standard operating procedure for police investigation. Which was Conducted By Snehal Vakilna (Cyber Crime Lawyer, Expert And Investigator) And His Team of Cyber Experts in coordination with Mr.H.P.Sanghvi, (Deputy Director of Forensic Science, Gandhinagar) Mr.G.P.Darbar (FSLGandhinagarTeam),  Mr.H.J.Trivedi (Scientific Officer, DFS Gandhinagar).  Wherein, Mr.Snehal Vakilna Explained Various Technical and Legal issues in relation to Cyber Crimes and Information Technology Act, Issues in Relation to Digital Evidence as well as Crypto Currency. He discussed various Case Laws and the procedure to be followed by Police in relation to Digital Evidence. Wherein the Experts were greeted with Mementos by SudarshanSinh K Vala (Deputy Superintendent Of Police,HQ). 

On 22nd September 2017, Mr. Snehal Vakilna and Team efficiently conducted Special Training Sessions for Bangladesh Police Officials as well as Gujarat Special Force on the Cyber Crime Investigation, Cyber Security, Cyber Forensic, Cyber Laws as well as Digital Evidence which was highly appreciated by all the delegates at Gujarat Forensic Science University, Gandhingar.
 
  On 5t  h and 6th October, INFORSECON 2017, an International Conference on Forensic Science and Cyber Security was organized at Gujarat Forensic Science University (GFSU), where Shri Snehal Vakilna presented two Papers “CLOSED CIRCUIT CAMERA (CCTV’S) AS A TOOL FOR VIOLATION OF PRIVACY ” and “FIGHT AGAINST CYBER CRIMES WITH AID OF INDIAN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT ”. This was the first time anyone had Presented Two Papers Simultaneously in such event.
   On 13th November 2017, Shri Snehal Vakilna efficiently conducted Special Training Sessions for Maldives Police Judges and Police officers as well as Bangladesh Police Officials (second batch) on Cyber Crimes and Legal Issues and Cyber laws and Digital Evidence which were highly appreciated by all the delegates at Gujarat Forensic Science University, Gandhingar.

 
On 19th Feb 2018 Shri Snehal Vakilna again  efficiently conducted Special Training Sessions for Myanmar Police Officials and 3rd Batch of Bangladesh Police Officials on Cyber laws and Information Technology Act, Crypto Currency and Digital Evidence which were highly appreciated by all the delegates at Gujarat Forensic Science University, Gandhingar.

             “If I Rest, I Rust”

                             
       -  Snehal Hemant Kumar Vakilna